Rusia a declarat ca e pregatita sa faca pace cu Georgia iar oficiali ONU au confirmat duminica ca Georgia este pregatita sa negocieze cu Rusia prin retragerea din zona separatista Osetia de Sud si sa creeze un coridor umanitar.
Consiliul de Securitate ONU s-a intalnit duminica dimineata pentru a patra oara in cateva zile incercand sa rezolve conflictul care a inceput intre Georgia si Rusia pe marginea regiunii separatiste Osetia de Sud.
Rusia “este pregatita sa puna capat razboiului“, a spus Ambasadorul Rusiei Vitaly Churkin, care l-a acuzat de asemenea pe secretarul general ONU ca ia partea Georgiei.
Intregul articol din Times aici: Russia Ready to Negotiate.
Ieri Casa Alba a acuzat Moscova ca doreste rasturnarea guvernului de la Tbilisi. Ambasadorul American la ONU, insa, a spus ca “vremea rasturnarilor de guverne in Europa pe cale armata a trecut“.
Tot duminica, TIME prezinta pe prima pagina un amplu articol intitulat: Moscow’s Dangerous Game in Georgia in care autorul face o analiza a “castigului” pe care Rusia l-ar avea din aceasta interventie militara in Georgia.
Intrebarea ridicata in articol si-o pun toti: Care este urmatorul pas al Rusiei? Va ramane in Osetia de Sud sau va inainta in Georgia?
But Russia’s outlook on the events in Georgia will be shaped by its refusal to fully accept Georgia’s independence. Russia’s has long sought to reestablish influence in Georgia and prevent it from joining NATO (a move that Russia sees as part of a hostile encirclement by the West); and also to prevent the pumping of oil pumped to Turkey from Azerbaijan and elsewhere in Central Asia from bypassing Russian control. Georgia claims that Russian planes have, in recent days, bombed the strategically important oil pipeline that transits Georgia. The pipeline actually had been inoperative since August 6 as a result of a fire in its Turkish segment, and Azerbaijan instead kept supplying oil through two Georgian ports. As these ports were also heavily bombed by the Russians, Azerbaijan has suspended oil shipments through Georgia.
Besides suspending the oil shipments via Georgia, Russia’s military campaign has clouded the prospects for Georgia joining NATO any time soon. (The carnage of recent days will likely reinforce the reluctance of European NATO members to induct Georgia as a member despite strong U.S. support for Georgian membership.) And by extending its offensive into Georgia — dozens of civilians are reported to have been killed in Russian air strikes on Georgian cities — Moscow has also fired a warning shot at Ukraine, another former Soviet territory that shares Georgia’s ambition to join NATO.
The Russian move could backfire, however, by reminding former Soviet territories and satellites just why they might want NATO protection. Azerbaijan will resume pumping oil across Georgia as soon as hostilities there end. Ukraine, angered that the Russian navy used bases in Ukraine to launch its naval blockade against Ukraine’s ally and sink one of its ships, may step up its efforts to ease out the Russians military presence on its soil before 2017, when the current leasing treaty for bases expires. And the bloodshed in Georgia may spur Ukraine to intensify its own efforts to put its national security under the NATO umbrella. Those former Soviet satellites already in NATO will also likely respond to the display of Russian might in Georgia by foregoing their own misgivings about deploying U.S. missile defenses and other facilities on their soil.
The mounting ethnic, religious and clan tensions that riddle the Caucasus, moreover, are now likely to make the region even more unstable, and not necessarily to Russia’s advantage. Some in the region may take courage from the fact that while the 35,000-strong Georgian army was no match for Russia�s military juggernaut, it put a level of resistance that the Russians had never expected.
“The Georgian army today is a modern, well-mobilized force, armed with the state-of the-art weapons,” Deputy Chief of the Russian General Staff General Anatoli Nagovitsin told the Interfax wire agency Sunday. That seemed to be a roundabout way of excusing the fact that in three days of fighting, the Russians may not have met all of their military objectives.
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